DENTISTRY AND EMERGENCY RESPONSIBILITIES
What are the dental problems that require an urgent approach?
- The mouth should be thoroughly rinsed with salt water obtained by adding half a teaspoon salt to half a cup of tea, using the food deposits, toothbrush and dental floss on the aching teeth and between the teeth.
- Aspirin or any pain reliever should not be applied on the painful tooth. Due to the chemical structure, such medicines can cause irritation to the gums and soft tissues of the environment. This will cause a second pain to occur beside the toothache.
- If there is a swelling on the face with the cause of inflammation, cold compress should be applied to that area.
- An analgesic can be taken before going to the dentist.
- Cotton impregnated with very little carnelian oil (eugenol) can be placed on the teeth if cavities are formed on the tooth. Eugenol will reduce the pain. However, when performing this procedure, excessive use of eugenol should not cause gum infiltration. Because the carnation oil has the destructive properties of soft tissues.
- A dentist should be consulted as soon as possible.
- Treating can be helpful and should be taken under protection, if possible – by finding broken tooth parts.
- You should go to your dentist within 30 minutes.
- In the meantime, if bleeding occurs in the area, pressure should be applied with a clean gauze. If the bleeding does not stop within 15 minutes despite pressure application, the nearest health facility should be used.
- Tooth breaks, teeth play in or out, injuries to the mouth tissues, and tremor of the brain are often associated with basketball, football, etc. As a result of traffic accidents caused by collisions and falls that occur when doing contact sports. The most appropriate method for preventing mouth injuries and tooth fractures that may occur in children with contact sports is to use mouth guards.
- If the tooth is displaced in its own way with the cause of the impact, try to bring it back to its original position with a light finger pressure.
- It should never be applied force when placing the tooth into its socket.
- The dentist should be consulted within 30 minutes at the latest.
Permanent tooth removal
- Removed tooth must be found.
- The found tooth must be held by the crown (kuron) part. It should not be caused to further damage of tissues by holding it from the root of the tooth. If the tissue at the root of the tooth is excessively damaged, it will not be possible to hold it in place. The tooth held by the Kuron part must be washed under the flowing water to get rid of the foreign materials on it.
- No rubbing should be done during the cleaning of the tooth surface and no brushes should be used
- First, try to place it in the tooth socket.
- Do not apply excessive force to place the tooth into its socket. Failure to do so may result in serious damage to the tooth and tooth cavity.
- If it can be placed in the tooth socket, it should be bit with a clean gauze on it so that it can be fixed in place.
- In this way, the dentist should be consulted as soon as possible.
- If it can not be placed in the tooth socket, it should be kept in milk or water until going to the dentist.
- In order to regain the missing tooth, it is necessary that the tooth tissues are not injured too much and the dentist should be contacted as soon as possible.
- If properly maintained and delivered to the dentist within a half hour at the latest, the chances saving the tooth by reimplantation is 90%.
Lip and cheek injuries
- The injured area should be cleaned with warm water.
- If there is bleeding in the wound area, gauze pressure should be applied to stop the bleeding.
- Cold compresses should be applied from the cheek or outside of the lips.
- If the wound is too big and bleeding continues, the dentist or nearest emergency polyclinic should be consulted.
Bleeding after tooth extraction
- Mild bleeding after tooth extraction is normal.
- If you have severe bleeding, you should immediately contact your dentist or the nearest health facility.
- If there is bleeding in the form of leakage, the gauze placed on the gravity site will hold for half an hour by applying pressure and bleeding will stop.
- If the bleeding continues, you should consult your dentist. If this is not possible, after you have soaked a tea bag in water, apply a gauze wrap and pressurize instead. Bleeding will stop within half an hour thanks to the minerals that help to coagulate the blood in the tea leaf.
- If no results are obtained, contact your dentist or nearest health center.
Recommendations following tooth extraction
- After leaving your dentist, hold the gauze pad biting in place. If there is bleeding, you can apply the second pad instead of the removed tooth.
- Leakage bleeding may occur for up to 4-6 hours following extraction.
- After extraction, if possible, you should lie down keeping your head high.
- Do not eat anything for about 2 hours following tooth extraction. Avoid hot food.
- Do not use medicines that may increase alcohol and bleeding.
- If there is any problem (pain, excessive and prolonged bleeding), contact your dentist.