Since Maiman invented ruby laser in 1960, laser has been used widely in medicine and dentistry and increasing day by day.
In the practice of dentistry, the laser is in almost every clinical situation; cutting of the tissue, the provision of hemostasis, sterilization and disinfection thanks to the elimination of bacteria. The laser reduces the need for anesthesia and can be used in interventions to be performed in hard tissues.
When it comes to dental treatments, the minds of patients often come from painful and difficult interventions. The lasers used today can be applied to both hard and soft tissues and the patients have the least complaints during and after the operation. In addition to accelerating wound healing and reducing pain formation, it also reduces the formation of edema and inflammation. It is also known that some types of lasers have biostimulatory effects on tissues.
* Lasers can be analyzed in 2 Categories:
-Soft tissue lasers
-Hard tissue lasers
Soft tissue lasers can be used in a wide variety of surgical applications, such as gingivoplasty, vestibuloplasty, removal of soft tissue lesions, and the treatment of aphtous lesions. It is clear that the laser has many advantages when compared to the Bistur. For this reason, in some cases laser surgery has become the only treatment option. Lasers, such as Erbium lasers, can be used in both hard and soft textures. In addition to soft tissue surgeons, periodontitis, periimplantitis, root resections and osteotomies have had very successful results.
In summary, lasers are getting better results every day, making less invasive and less traumatic surgical procedures possible.
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